Nanoparticles are particles of 1 to 100 nm size. Most solid elements can be produced in the nanoscale. For example, silver nanoparticles or iron nanoparticles. Most metal oxides can also be produced on a nanoscale, such as silver oxide nanoparticles. Nanoparticles exhibit different and application of nanoparticles in agriculture properties at the nanoscale. In these dimensions, the previous properties of the particle, usually in the macro dimension, are usually more intense. Some elements or compounds have magnetic properties, such as iron or iron oxides.
Applications of Nanotechnology in Agricultural
Nanotechnology as the science of working with the smallest particles has raised hopes to improve the efficiency of agricultural systems by addressing the problems left unaddressed in conventional ways. Every year new crop varieties are introduced by crop specialists to meet the growing needs of the agricultural sector. Recently, researchers have applied the use of nanotechnology to deliver genes to specific sites at the cellular surfaces and the rearrangement of atoms in the DNA molecule (Deoxyribonucleic Acid) of a homogeneous organism to express the desired trait, thereby attempting to overcome it. The time-consuming process of gene transfer from alien to target organisms.
What are the different nanoparticles for agricultural uses?
At present, there are many global challenges facing the agricultural sector, climate change, urbanization, the consumption of natural resources and environmental problems such as the release of pesticides and fertilizers, if the increasing demand for food is driven by a growing population from 7 billion to 9 today. Consider also the billion in 2050 mostly important for nanotechnology in agriculture in india. These issues are exacerbated. These are the nanopesticides agriculture and different nanoparticles for agricultural uses:
- Improve the taste of foods
- Reduce the consumption of herbicides and pesticides
- Increasing the marketability of different plants with nano seed production
- Genetic enhancement of plants and animals
- Improving the packaging of agricultural products
- Production of environmentally friendly chemicals
- Increasing the yield of greenhouse and field crops
- Desalination and more economical treatment of water for drinking and agriculture
What is Nano fertilizer?
Nano-fertilizers differ in terms of inherent properties such as color, strength, corrosion resistance to non-nano-fertilizers. These fertilizers have a significant effect on photosynthesis, chlorophyll content, leaf area increase, resistance to environmental stresses and enrichment of crops. The increasing use of chemical fertilizers has caused irreparable environmental, health and economic damage. The persistence of nitrogen fertilizers in nature and the contamination of water and soil will cause various diseases such as cancer in humans. In addition to these problems, the high cost of producing them should also be considered. With the efforts of experts from the Central Nanotechnology Technology Company, various types of nano fertilizers in agriculture have been developed based on emerging nanotechnology, which will be a positive step towards resolving these problems.
What are the benefits of nanotechnology?
Nanotechnology is the ability to produce new materials, tools and systems by taking control at the molecular and atomic levels and using the properties at which the surfaces appear. It follows from this simple definition that nanotechnology is not a new discipline, but a new approach to all disciplines. For nanotechnology, they have listed applications in areas ranging from food, medicine, medical and biotechnology to electronics, computers, communications, transportation, energy, the environment, materials, aerospace and national security. Extensive applications in this field, including social consequences, And its legality has made this technology a cross-disciplinary field. One of the applications of nanotechnology in agriculture is the application of methods that increase seed germination percentage and decrease its time. Also, the growth and development of the plant begins with seed germination, after which root growth and seedling exit are identified as the first signs of growth. Numerous studies have been performed on the ability of nanoparticles and nanotechnology in seed science to penetrate the plant cell wall and act as an intelligent transmission system. Different types of nanoparticles have been reported that can penetrate the cell wall.