graphene nanoparticles : Graphene is a two-dimensional (2D) graphene of carbon atoms in a hexagonal configuration (honeycomb). The carbon atoms in graphene are bonded to the SP2 hybrid. Graphene is the newest member of the multidimensional graphite carbon family. This family includes fullerenes as zero-dimensional (0D) nanomaterials, carbon nanotubes as one-dimensional (1D) nanomaterials, and graphite as a 3D material. The term graphene was first introduced in 1986 by the combination of the word graphite and a suffix (s) referring to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons. Apart from monolayer and bilayer graphene, the layers of graphene range from 3 to 10 layers, called Few Layer Graphene, and between 10 to 30 layers, namely Multilayer Graphics, Thick Graphene, or Nanocrystals. Thin graffiti is called.
What is graphene in nanotechnology?
graphene nanoparticles price : Graphene composites have higher performance and therefore better performance than polymeric composites or other carbon based composites (carbon nanotube or carbon fiber reinforced composites). By adding a small amount of graphene, the composite properties are significantly improved.
For this reason, graphene composites can be easily manufactured on a commercial scale and used in many applications compared to other composites. Applications such as sports equipment, medical implants and parts such as aerospace and renewable energies that use engineering materials (metals, polymers and ceramics) have the potential to take advantage of graphene composites. Benefit. The discovery of graphene made it possible to produce lightweight, inexpensive, high-performance composite materials and to provide them with a variety of applications.
Best Methods for Producing Reduced Graphene
graphene properties and uses : In general, the use of graphene leads to weight loss in garments and on the other hand due to its light weight, elasticity and high conductivity it can be a good substitute for synthetic fibers such as nylon and polyester. Also with regard to the production of different types of heat conducting fabrics, conductive fabrics, waterproof, antimicrobial, etc. Graphene can be used for the production of smart and electronic textiles in medical, sports, military as well as thermal and electrical sensors. Benefited. Extraordinary features of this material:
- Hardness and hardness
- Thin and light
- Thermal conductors and electrical conductors
- Electronic Properties and Optical Properties
Graphene is nothing but a graphite layer. Yes, just a thin layer of atomic thickness! Graphene has a two-dimensional structure. In other words, atoms are placed on a flat plate (like billiard balls on the table). Each graphene layer is made of hexagonal carbon rings that give rise to the honeycomb structure.
Most important industrial uses of graphene
graphene nanomaterial : Graphene in smart and electronic textiles: Smart textiles, also known as electronic textiles, have been recently attracted due to their widespread applications in biosensors, heat generation, health care, screens and more. A wearable electronic textile must be conductive in addition to its light weight, high strength and excellent mechanical properties.
The combination of conductive metals and polymers is the most commonly used method to achieve conductive textiles, but unfortunately, the optical conductivity of the fabric created is very low and its flexibility is reduced. On the other hand, the weight of the fabric is increased as well as the major changes in the texture and underlying it. In this case, graphene-based materials are considered as a suitable option for providing optical conductivity without any adverse effect on the fabric.
What we should know about grapehenes?
graphite nanoparticles : In recent years, graphene has been used to produce all kinds of smart and electronic textiles due to its special conductive properties and the production of heat and electricity conductive fabrics. Thus, conductive yarns coated with graphene nanostructures are among the materials used as textile sensors.
In fact, since most textiles (natural and synthetic) are insulated, so in order to achieve the new generation of intelligent electronic textiles, the production of conductive textiles using existing nanostructures is important and graphene compounds due to their high electrical and thermal conductivity. , Are the most common materials used to produce smart conductive textiles in various applications.